2 Basis of preparation
Certain financial-statement captions are measured at fair value. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Fair value is determined on the basis of stock exchange quotations or by using recognised valuation models, such as the discounting of anticipated future cash flows. Unless otherwise indicated in the notes to the consolidated financial statements, fair values correspond approximately to the carrying amounts reported in the balance sheet at the time of preparing the financial statements.